International Land Measurement Standards (ILMS)

Welcome to ILMS: Global Consistency in Land and Real Property Transaction(s) Reporting

The International Land Measurement Standards (ILMS) are international principle-based standards for recording and reporting information and material relevant to land and property transfers. The standards aim to reduce risks in the land transfer process by creating consistency of application and facilitating and supporting land governance, robust conveyancing, secure lending and land registration. ILMS supports global consistency by setting standards for classifying, defining, measuring, analysing, presenting and reporting land information which can be applied at a project, regional, state, national or international level. ILMS are therefore both standards and a framework for reporting.

The ILMS Coalition (hereafter the Coalition) agreed that ILMS should be strong international principle-based standards that serve the public interest. It is focused on key land information elements, as required to de-risk and aid the land and property transaction processes. It will assist by strengthening land tenure security and land rights, as well as promoting investment, growth in government revenue and economic development.

ILMS are:

  1. A framework for reporting on land assets' and land asset transactions of people and legal entities.
  2. A basis for collecting asset and transactional information to identify what is on the ground, what information is available and the quality of the available information, rather than what is legislated for or implied. This should also include recognition of gender specific issues.
  3. A set of principles for transparency, integrity and consistency in land asset reporting in support of reporting systems such as the International Financial Reporting System (IFRS).
  4. Flexible and non-prescriptive, so they can be adopted incrementally/partially in line with the fit-for-purpose land administration principles, thereby advancing best practice for reporting on land assets.
  5. A due diligence process that informs the overall investment analysis. The process will draw on many sources of information and corroborate them so any unknowns can be found and risks assessed or costed.
  6. A basis for determining fair compensation for the land asset.
  7. A basis to implement an Open Data System (including for example Public Law Restrictions PLR).

ILMS are not:

  1. A detailed technical specification for spatial measurement although measurement is integral to several ILMS elements (parcel identification, land area etc)
  2. The basis for a new 'best' Cadastral or Land Administration system.
  3. A replacement for any existing guidelines or standards, such as the FAO Voluntary Guidelines (FAO (VGGT)), Land Administration Domain Model (LADM) or Social Tenure Domain Model (STDM).
  4. Instructive of governments for the development of new or revised legislation.
  5. Designed to track national progress towards the UN Sustainable Development Goals.
  6. Concerned with the collection of data to create or update national or international databases.